Conditional I: If…condition in present tense……result in present/future tense Examples: If you invest your capital in bonds, it generates income. If you invest your capital in bonds, it will generate income. Conditional II: if….condition in past tense….result in would + verb Example: If you invested your capital in bonds, it would generate income
Conditional III: if….condition in had+V3…..result in would+have+V3 Example: If you had invested your capital in bonds, it would have generated income.
Note that the order of the “condition” part and the “result” part can be reversed, but the structure must remain the same. For example, we could invert the order of the second conditional example, and it is still correct, as long as we maintain form:
Your capital would generate income, If you invested it in bonds.
This is why it’s important to think in terms of “condition (if) part” and “result part” – not in terms of “first” and “second” parts.